It is the perception, obviously wrong, that you are in that particular place just to have fun, to feel good, to meet new people, to be refreshed and not to be exposed to danger. It then happens that we underestimate the alarm signals and above all we find ourselves in a situation of rest, not wakefulness, and of intimacy. All these factors combine to make the reaction times to people’s alarms particularly long the activation of the alarm systems and the start of evacuation operations expands. Statistically, these times are even a few tens of minutes. These are unsustainable times, which are likely to give the occupants direct experience of the fire – with consequences, in the worst cases, lethal.
Many small realities …
There are also new receptive realities that escape from an administrative point of view the fire prevention control, because of small dimensions, such as the former apartments converted into B & Bs, perhaps family-run and which enjoy, among other things, a series of simplifications in the start-up phase due to their very nature. A simplification in the absence of employees and the exemption from Legislative Decree 81 for example, and therefore no risk assessment document, with particular reference to the fire one. Surely these realities offer opportunities for work, accommodation, redevelopment of buildings and boosting tourism even in cities that are not traditionally devoted to the same. But it happens that in the same building several micro accommodation activities of this type coexist.
… make a great reality
Basically we are faced with a large accommodation facility, which should therefore be subjected to fire prevention control. In the form, however, many small structures coexist whose control is not mandatory and therefore no detection system, no protection of escape routes, lack of alternative escape routes with often a single staircase (the same for normal access) which, if inhibited because it is full of smoke from a single storey fire, completely eliminates the possibility of escape from any upper storey. And again: the absence of compartmentalization that can cause the spread of fire between the floors and finally, but certainly not least, any non-fire-propagating product (curtains, coverings, carpets, mattresses, etc.). I am absolutely certain that many have happened to stay in structures of this type.
A large accommodation facility is therefore equated in fact, but not by law, to a residential building, with the difference that attendance is occasional, differentiated by culture, class, origin, etc. etc. I believe it is the case that the association of condominium administrators takes a diligent part in managing this complex situation, especially due to the fact that, being themselves responsible for the safety of the buildings they manage, an accidental event would put them in an unhappy situation. .
Restaurants, places of worship
And the restaurants? The places of worship? In the former, the fire risk is not negligible, but they do not fall within the activities subject to fire prevention control regardless of size: even this issue does not require sufficient caution. Applying “only” the Ministerial Decree 10/3/98 , ie the only fire safety criteria in the workplace to protect workers, is in my opinion reductive, at least for catering centers that cover several hundred guests. For places of worship, there is no kind of caution and even in this case I am not online. It is true that statistics are on the side of the legislator, but it is equally true that the risk remains and mitigating it even with simple measures would be desirable. Happy holidays and attention.